• Organic farming

    With approximately 0.9 m hectares, Africa comprises about three percent of the world's certified organic agricultural land. In Ethiopia, of 140.308 hectares of farmland are certified organic. However, approximately 80% of Ethiopian coffee is estimated to be de facto organic without being certified. (IFOAM 2008/9)

  • Organic Markets

    Organic markets in Europe and in the US have experienced double-digit growth annually over the past decade. During the current economic crisis, sales of conventional agricultural products have decreased more strongly than those of organic products. (Hain Celestial 2011)

  • The role of fish for African GDPs

    About 10 million Africans (1.5%) depend directly on fishing, fish farming, fish processing and fish trading for their livelihoods; indirectly, up to 45 million Africans depend on fishery. With 8%, Mozambique's fisheries sector contributes most to an African national GDP, closely followed by Madagascar and Namibia. (African Development Bank 2008 and Global Fish Alliance, 2009)

  • Fish and food security

    Sustainable fishery is essential for food security and nutrition throughout Africa. The proportion of dietary protein coming from fish is extremely high in many countries, e.g. Senegal (47%), Gambia (62%), Sierra Leone and Ghana (each 63%). In Africa, fish caught along coasts and waterways are often dried and sent inland, serving as major protein and income sources for many communities. (Global Fish Alliance, 2009)

  • Fisheries and climate change

    Due to extremely high fuel consumption in the process of landing of large-scale fisheries, fishing continues to be the most energy-intensive food production method in the world today. (Tyedmers et al. 2005) African fisheries are predominantly small-scale and have therefore lesser negative impact on climate change.

  • Forests in Africa

    The total forest cover in Africa is estimated at 650 million ha, accounting for 21.8% of the land area and 16.8% of global forest cover. Africa's tropical forest amounts to 18% of the world's total and covers over 20 million km² of land in West and Central Africa. (FAO 2006)

  • Forests and climate change

    Forests account for about 60% of the African carbon storage. The total carbon stock of dense humid forests (1.617.925 km²) is estimated at 29.949 million tons. The Congo Basin forest stores 3 times as much CO2 as global human activities produce per year, but produces 80% of GHG emissions of the region. (CARPE 2008)

  • Domestic energy consumption

    Woodfuel is the most important source of domestic energy in Africa, sharing an estimated 60% to 86% of sub-Saharan African primary energy consumption (exempt S.A.) (Njuki 2004). The production of fuel wood and charcoal accounts for over 90% of the wood harvested in Africa (Outlaw-Gardner and Engelman 1999).

  • Tourism' role for GDPs

    Tourism makes up 2.46% of the African GDP. However, its role for some national GDPs is significant, e.g., for Seychelles, where tourism directly accounts for 25% of GDP, whereas its indirect contributions amount to 48%. In absolute terms, with over 10 million arrivals and more than 8 bn US$ revenue per year, South Africa is the leading tourism market in Africa, followed by Egypt (12 m & 7bn US$). (WTTC 2009)

  • Africa's rise in tourism

    Tourism – and to an increasing extent responsible tourism – plays an increasing role for African economies. E.g., Botswana's share of international arrivals has steadily increased since 1995, now receiving up to 9% of all sub-Saharan international tourists. Particularly, Botswana's National Parks have seen double digit growth rates between 13% and 46% of the nation's visitors. (WTTC 2006)

Get involved in the Standard-setting Process

Eco Mark Africa

The EMA will establish a certifiable sustainability standard as well as a recognition system for other sustainability standards, functioning as a quality assurance mechanism. A set of threshold criteria are currently being defined, including ecological, social and climate-relevant requirements as well as credible governance and implementation mechanisms.


Vision and Mission

As one of the key priorities of the African 10 Year Framework Programme, the Eco Mark Africa (EMA)'s overall aim is to contribute to a global shift towards sustainable consumption and production and thus enhance Africa's ability to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.


Sustainable Production in Africa

African economies are among the most heavily affected by the detrimental effects of climate change such as prolonged drought periods and flooding. Mitigation of climate change and adaptation to its impacts will be vital for the continent. Besides, conventional production patterns often involve environmental pollution and excessive resource consumption as well as social exploitation. Sustainable production methods are an effective means to prepare Africa's economies for these challenges.